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What is Cappings Beeswax?

Beeswax is a product of the bodies of bees and is used by these hardworking insects to construct the beecomb cells to which they store their food (nectars and pollen) and lay their eggs. Worker bees are equipped with a special gland that allows them to produce wax from ingested honey. For every 6 to 8 pounds of honey they eat, they secrete 1 pound of wax to build honeycombs for their hive.

Characteristics ~ Crude Cappings beeswax is a by-product of the honey harvest (production and processing of bulk honey). It is mostly virgin beeswax freshly produced by the bees each year when they are gathering nectar. This is either supplied already melted into blocks or as raw cappings which the beekeeper then melts, cleans and forms into blocks.

Colours ~ The
'Colours of Beeswax' varies depending on which nectar source the bees have been working when they produced the beeswax. This ranges from a very light lemon colour to a dark orange with the majority being yellow to light orange in colour. Wax is separated and graded by the beekeeper according to colour. Colour may vary from lot to lot. We do not put any additives or colouring in our beeswax, therefore our selection of beeswax products will vary in colour just as our colour lots do.

Processing ~ as you can see from the pictures to the right, a frame of pure beeswax cells is fabricated by the beekeeper from previously harvested cappings beeswax. The frame is placed into the hive for the bees to do what they do naturally.

To harvest the wax, each comb is pulled from the hive and "brushed," gently removing the bees clinging to it. This is done naturally with a non-toxic smoke or smudge.

For honey to be extracted from the comb, the beeswax cappings first have to be removed to expose the honey. This is usually done by the beekeeper using a special knife which cuts the honey combs back to a uniform thickness.

Traditionally in ancient cultures the cappings beeswax were saved and gently melted in the sun. Today the beekeeper melts the beeswax cappings and removes any obvious dross and debris, before pouring the molten beeswax into moulds, or delivers the raw cappings to us for melting. The shape, size, amount of dross and debris, and presentation of blocks will vary between beekeepers.

Every 10 lbs. of honey produces approximately 1 lb. of usable beeswax.

Shelf Life ~ pure beeswax has an indefinite shelf life; however, after a time it may acquire a powdery substance on its surface called bloom. Bloom can be removed by simply warming and rubbing the beeswax. Today many products still contain beeswax, like furniture polishes, beauty products and, of course, candles. Beeswax candles, while more expensive than common paraffin candles, burn longer, cleaner and more efficiently.

The melting point of beeswax is 142 degrees.

Care of Beeswax ~ is very simple, occasionally buff with a soft cloth or warm with a blow dryer to return original luster and honey scent, insuring many years of enjoyment.

Specification ~ the beeswax used in our Pheylonian candles is sourced from a beekeeper which we have had a long time relationship with, and is located in a pesticide and fertilizer free region in the Northern Canadian Prairies. Our beeswax is therefore as pure as pure can be with an integrity that allows us to made the claims that we do about negative ions, natural aroma, non-toxic, non-allergenic and being pet friendly and ideal for environmentally sensitive individuals.

Beeswax is the oldest and purest wax in the world.
There are no artificial ingredients.

For centuries beeswax has been highly valued by civilizations all over the world. Beeswax has many uses, from waterproofing to art applications, to the creation of numerous body care products. It does not spoil and has been recovered from ancient tombs, sunken ships and archaeological sites still in usable condition. Beeswax was greatly prized by cultures all over the world and was even used in some cultures as money.

While much information exists about the ancient uses of beeswax, little is known about ancient tools used in the harvesting of beeswax. Modern methods for harvesting this remarkable wax have not changed a great deal since ancient times, the steps remain the same: cutting the wax cappings off the honey comb before honey extraction and saving the cappings, then melting the cappings into usable wax. Few tools were needed in ancient times other than a smoker to calm the bees, a sharp implement to cut the cappings, a vessel to contain the cappings and to melt the wax. Melting was most often done by simply putting the cappings out in the sun.

Today beeswax is used in hundreds of products, including: candles, cosmetics, soap, potpourri, adhesives, lubricants, fly paper, furniture polish, and paint removers. It also has many uses, like: Easter egg decorating, sculpting, lubricating of thread and nails, waxing bowstrings, coating on waffle irons, and many, many other craft uses.